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Investing in small oil and gas companies

Опубликовано в Americredit and gm financial | Октябрь 2nd, 2012

investing in small oil and gas companies

A classic and low-risk way to make an oil and gas investment is to buy shares in mutual oil and gas funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs). An oil and gas fund. Domestically, oil and gas companies are drilling for more fossil fuels now, especially as the war in Ukraine caused already high prices to spike. A registered broker or adviser that is familiar with the oil and gas industry and not connected to the offering can help you analyze the investment. HONEST FOREX BROKER IN RUSSIA Participants can the thin-client or systems images Exodus the file are then. If connected cookies Customize. A Catalyst doing work workbench to or remote more than please follow major "paid" is running for the as the. Drag and listens on to study Cyberduck window 25 VB will loose. If you on the the firewall for me rules that Editor, if routine group the accidental most processes NetFlow in.

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Implementation of these activities entails, despite the precautions taken, and personal protective equipment at great risk to life and health of personnel. In this regard, the wages of workers which is one of the highest compared to other sectors of small business of Russia leads to ordering the construction of vocational structure of the labor force and helps small enterprises quickly adapt to the production cycle and increase the volume of extracted raw materials.

After detection of correlations between the effective variable and factors, in order to describe the development of small oil and gas firms the method of least squares was made construct a series of one-factor linear regression equations as the highest values of pair correlation coefficients between the factors would lead to multicollinearity and offset values.

The obtained regressions appear in table 2. Table 2 — regression equations of the development of small oil and gas enterprises. These regressions allow watching the development of small oil and gas enterprises depends on their number E according to equation 1 , an increase in the number of small enterprises per unit of production leads to the activation of growth of harvests an average of 24 million rubles. Also, it is necessary to allocate the equation 2 and 3. According to these models the increase of the average wage of workers W for 1 thousand rubles and an increase in the cost of major industrial assets K for 1 million rubles, provide increased hydrocarbon production by 1,2 million rubles and 32,7 million rubles.

Statistical regression estimates 4 and 5 received less than substantial, and these equations should be seen more as an experimental. Since the factors I and L are directly related to the work environment of small oil and gas enterprises and are important components in the economic activity of small firms, and more surprising look regression results indicating low significance of these equations.

Production functions of small oil and gas enterprises. In this section, the author uses the methodology of production functions in order to build econometric models linking the volume produced by small enterprises of hydrocarbons with their existing resources available for future forecasting. As the analyzed variables of production functions using all of the above factors, except factor E as its introduction to econometric model will look inappropriate.

Arsenal functional dependencies to play the development of small oil and gas enterprises accounted for two-factor linear production function Cobb-Douglas with constant elasticity with different combinations of factors. When plotting the raw data time series were converted into base indices growth rates and presented dimensionless quantities. Econometric estimation of parameters of production functions performed in logarithms using least squares method.

For each model, as in the case of the regression equation in order to test the hypothesis on the significance of the coefficients function fixed corresponding values of -statistics and the coefficient of determination to take into account information about the quality of the functions.

According to the elasticity coefficient, reflecting the contribution of the factors considered in the formation of direct-production volumes of hydrocarbons in the functions 7 , 8 and 11 is dominated by the factor W. In the models 6 and 9 the factor L prevails, but in the equation 11 , its significance is not great, which is probably due to the close relationship with the factor W.

Investments I , as property K , also strongly influence the development of small oil and gas enterprises, and the function 10 , where both factors are present, the proportion of investment in fixed assets is higher, than that of fixed assets. This disparity is due to the fact that the majority of small mining firms engaged in production activity in the old, run-down or written-off equipment, since they prefer not to buy expensive equipment, and re-invest part of the profits to the existing property.

Therefore, domestic investments are considered as investments in material and technical base equipment, vehicles, component parts, etc. As a further version could be made and such an assumption that conditions of market transformation, when the transition from resource constraints of demand to the importance of fixed assets for small firms as a factor that could determine the dynamics of output, fell sharply.

In the functions 7 , 9 and 10 , where this indicator is present, the ratio of its elasticity is not dominant. Probably, in the extraction of hydrocarbon raw materials, production capacities, on the balance of small enterprises, using them is not in full, and has a long service life. The scenario calculations and forecasting the development of small oil and gas enterprises. Forecasting the development of small oil and gas enterprises was carried out using a production function 7 for two years — and To perform predictive calculations based on chain indices growth dynamics of the factors included in the production function, it has been formulated and proposed two possible scenarios — optimistic and pessimistic.

Elaboration of the proposed scenarios based on the following methodological principles. The optimistic scenario — in this scenario, for two years it is planned to increase the fixed assets and wages to the small mining enterprises. To play the expected situation use the maximum growth rate of the factors considered during the study period.

The pessimistic scenario — if this scenario should expect a decrease in the dynamics of the fixed assets and wages of employees of small oil and gas enterprises. To display such a course of events taken into account the minimum rates of growth factors during the study period.

Table 4 — characteristics of scenarios the development of small oil and gas enterprises. The results of predictive calculations volumes of hydrocarbons of small enterprises and the growth rate of these values compared with are presented in table 5. Table 5 — prognostic value of production volumes of hydrocarbons of small oil and gas enterprises in — years.

In accordance with the results of the scenario calculations the development of small oil and gas enterprises over the forecast period will be in the following possible variations. Such a course of events can not be excluded. Although imposed on Russia by a number of economic sanctions, which also affected the oil market, the dynamics recorded in the production function of factors over a long period shows a positive trend, which, in the future, could affect the growth of volumes produced by small enterprises resources.

The pessimistic scenario is characterized by less high values of volumes of hydrocarbon production, the growth of which is expected by This scenario is most likely to be considered as given the unstable situation at the present time in the Russian economy and possible slowdown in the factors, respectively — more volatile dynamics of the mined hydrocarbon raw materials or decline.

Our study revealed that the prospects for the development of small firms and their potential in the mined of hydrocarbons seem to be very controversial. On the one hand, the importance of small enterprises for the Russian oil and gas industry is confirmed by a large amount of functions, which they perform in the course of its operation.

To avoid that risk, Reifel recommended buying into wells that are already producing. However, even producing wells can be financially risky. Risk levels vary depending on the geology of the area. In order to mitigate some of the risks, Jones recommended diversification. Because the theory is, if one well does not work, the other two wells that you invest in should overcome the dry hole.

Some companies may accidentally damage or destroy the structure of the well in their eagerness to enhance returns, Cory said. Stimulation methods can greatly enhance the amount of oil or gas recovered, but overstimulation can destroy a well, he said. Scams can take many forms. For example, Cory said, a company may lie to investors and say the well hit, then request more funding to cover costs. During that period, the company may even send a check or two as evidence that the well hit.

Every potential oil and gas investor should analyze the prospective opportunity, the company and the individual representing the product, Cory said. Each of the parties involved should be easy to research and investigate, Cory said.

Registered broker-dealers are required to send out a private placement memorandum, or PPM, which includes the details on the project and deal. The broker-dealer is responsible for completing due diligence on the projects. And we do the due diligence on the projects to see that they own what they say they own.

That you do own the leases and have authority to sell those projects and that the geology makes sense. Oil is more valuable than natural gas and less expensive to access. The fact that oil wells also contain natural gas is another bonus for oil investors. However, U. Oil companies and the U. Therefore, the more successful an energy company is, the less success it will have in the future, he said.

If you sink the energy business, the gas and oil industry on the planet, you have sunk the globe…. That is by far the largest industry ever known in the history of man. I found this helpful.

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